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Check your progress

Ex. 1.a.
  1. I don’t usually like romantic films. I enjoyed Definitely Maybe.
In spite of my not usually liking romantic films, I enjoyed Definitely Maybe
  1. He’s not very tall. He plays basketball really well.
Despite he’s not very tall, he plays basketball really well.
  1. I look like my mother. My brother looks like my father.
I look like my mother  however, my brother looks like my father.
  1. I continued working. I was really tired.
I continued working even though, I was really tired.
5. I though the exam was difficult. I think I passed
Although the exam was difficult, I think I passed.

1.b.
  1. She won the competition. She must be a good singer.
  2. I saw them ten minutes ago, so they can’t have gone far.
  3. They’re speaking Spanish, so they might be from Argentina.
  4. I rang her but she didn’t answer. She might have gone to bed early.
  5. You’ve just eaten. You can’t be hungry already!
1.c.
  1. These cats can’t have eaten for days. Look how hungry they are.
  2. I can’t believe it. I might drop my phone somewhere. I can’t find it anywhere.
3.They’re late. They must get lost somewhere.
  1. You’ve finished your project? But yesterday you hadn’t even started you must have stayed up all night.
2.a.
  1. Maybe you should think- b) …it over and let me know tomorrow.
  2. Hey, listen. I’ve come- e) …it over, I’m here to listen.
  3. If you ever want to talk- c) …on it, and tell me how you feel in the morning.
  4. A problem has come- a) …up. I can’t meet you later.
  5. Here’s an idea. Sleep- d) …up with a great idea for a new song!
2.b.
  1. The police are trying to tie it in with the other burglaries in the area recently.
  2. I started out as a paper girl, and now I’m a journalist for the same newspaper.
  3. All your hard work on my dress has really paid off. It looks fantastic.
  4. Let’s just call off the barbecue until the weather gets better.
  5. Yesterday I came across an old photo of my mum when she was a teenager. She was so pretty!
  6. The fire is went out. Let’s put some more wood on it.
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10 facts. Tutankhamun

1. Birth And Early Years:

Tutankhamun was born at Akhenaten in the year 1346BC. He became a Pharaoh at a tender age of nine in the year 1338. He reigned during the 18th Dynasty when the Egyptian Empire was at its peak.
Թութանհամոնը ծնվել է Ախենաթենում 1346 թ․։ Նա փարավոն է դարձլ 9 տարեկանում 1338 թվականին։ Նա թագավորեց 18-րդ դինաստիայի ժամանակ, երբ Եգիպտոսի կայսրությունն իր գագաթնակետին էր հասել:

2. Tutankhamun Was Born Tutankheten:

Tutankhamun’s father, Akhenaten wanted the Egyptians to worship just the sun god Aten, instead of their chief deity Amun or any other god. Aten at the end of Akhenaten and Tutankheten signified the same. Tutankheten means ‘living image of Aten’ and Akhenaten means the ‘servant of Aten’. He reopened the closed temples, restored the god Amun to his former glory and moved the capital back to Thebes. He even changed his name to Tutankhamun, which means the ‘living image of Amun’.
Թութանհամոնի հայրը, Ախենաթենում ուզում էր, որ եգիպտացիները երկրպագեն արևի աստված Աթենին, ոչ թե իրենց գլխավոր աստված Ամունին կամ այլ աստվածի։ Աթենատենի եւ Թութանկետենի վերջում Աթեն արմատը նույնն է: Թութանկետեն նշանակում է «Աթենի կենդանի պատկեր» և «Ակենաթեն» նշանակում է «Աթենի ծառան»։ Նա վերաբացեց փակ տաճարները, վերականգեց աստված Ամունի նախկին փառքը և տեղափոխեց մայրաքաղաք դեպի Թեբես: Նա նույնիսկ փոխեց իր անունը Թութանհամոն, ինչը նշանակում է «Ամունի կենդանի կերպարը»:

3. He Married One Of His Half Sisters:

It is believed that Tutankhamun has married one of his half-sisters. Akhenaten, Tutankhamun’s father, was married to Nefertiti, with whom he had six daughters. Akhenaten also had a second wife, named Kira, who is said to be the mother of Tutankhamun. It is said that Tutankhamun married Ankhesenpaaten, one of the six daughters of Nefertiti and Akhenaten.
Թութանհամոնը ամուսնացել է իր խորթ քրոջ հետ։ Թութանհամոնի հայր Ակենաթենը, ամուսնացած էր Նեերտիտիի հետ, որի հետ նա վեց աղջիկ ուներ: Ակենաթենը երկրորդ կինը՝ Կիրան, ասում է, որ նա Թութանհամոնի մայրը։ Ասվում է, որ Թութանհամոնը ամուսնացել է Անխեսենփատենի հետ, ով Նեֆերտիտիի և Ախենաթենի վեցերորդ աղջիկն էր:

4. A Well-Nourished Leader:

CAT scans done on the Tutankhamun’s body revealed the he was around 5 feet 8 inches tall. He was of slight build, but well nourished.

Թութանհամոնի մարմնի վրա կատարված CAT scans-ներից հայտնաբերվեց, որ նրա հասակը 5 ոտնաչափ և 8 դյույմ է։

5. The Boy King:

King Tut was nicknamed Boy King as he began ruling just at the age of nine. Since Tutankhamun was young, he needed help in governing the country. Hence, he was aided by his general Horemheb and vizier named Aye. Aye later succeeded Tutankhamun to the throne.

6. The King’s Death:

There is no evidence of how Tutankhamun met his death. An x-ray done on the mummy found fragments of bones in Tutankhamun’s skull, giving way to a theory that the young king was bludgeoned to death. But more recently, the experts concluded the damage to the skull might have occurred after the death, or at the hands of the crew or during the embalming process.
Another theory stated that King Tutankhamun died of a broken leg. According to National Geographic, a new CT scan of the mummy showed coating of embalming resin on the leg, suggesting that Tutankhamun broke his leg just before he died. He must have sustained the injury by falling from a chariot while hunting. The infection from the broken leg and other complications may have caused the death. DNA testing in the year 2010 suggested that Tutankhamun had malaria, which exacerbated the leg infection.

7. Mummified:

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Lesson 1

Lesson 1
The Curse of Tutankhamun’s Tomb/read the article and try to retell.
Hometask:ex.7/b,c,page 77
b.
start out- begin (to describe someone’s first profession)
call of- cancel
talk smb. into- persuade (someone)
pay off- be successful (when an effort is rewarded)
come across- find (often by accident)
pass away- die
go out- stop shining or burning
tie in with- connect with (something)
c.
A: You know my grandmother passed away two months ago? Well, I was her house looking through some of her papers when I came across an unpaid electricity bill from 1996!
B: So?
A: Well, at the exact moment I found the bill, all the lights in the house went out.
B: Now, that is strange.
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Homework

Lesson 1

Mysterious stones/read the text and answer the questions/page 74

Grammar/Modals of deduction(past)

Hometask:2/d,page 75

2. d)

2.d).png

Lesson 2

Mysterious stones/to retell one part of the text

Hometask:ex4/a,page 75

4. a)

4. a)

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Homework

Lesson 1

Read the text on page 68 and answer the questions.

Grammar:linkers of contrast/however/although/in spite of…

Hometask:ex.2/a,c,page 69

2. a)

2a

c)

2c

Lesson 2

Find an information about Loch Ness. Why is it so famous?

Loch Ness is Scotland’s most famous loch and one of the world’s most famous lakes. Over 300 million years ago a collision of tectonic plates forced the land to bend and buckle, forming high mountains and deep gorges. In Scotland the collision is marked by the Great Glen which cuts across Scotland from Fort William on the southwest coast to Inverness on the northeast coast. The depths of these gorges were gradually filled with water and a string of lochs were formed; Loch Oich, Loch Lochy and Loch Ness. Here Scotland’s soft light, diffused through shrouds of mist and clouds tumbling overhead and caught by the swells and eddies of the restless water, deceives the eye and inspires the imagination

Loch Ness is the one of the largest lakes in the British Isles: it is about 24 miles long, up to half a mile wide and 980 feet deep containing roughly 265,000 million cubic feet of water; it is fed by eight rivers, sixty sizeable streams and countless smaller streams. These rivers and streams, washing peat particles down from the mountains which line its shores, make visibility in the loch practically nil. Nonetheless, the Loch is free of pollution and teeming with life; sea trout, brown trout, salmon, arctic char, eels and pike can all be found in its murky depths. There have even been reported sightings of sturgeon and dolphins. However, the loch is famed for a larger creature which is said to live here, known as the Loch Ness Monster or “Nessie”.

The first recorded sighting of the monster was in 565 AD. St Columba, while on a mission to convert the northern Picts, stopped off by the loch side to preach to some local people. While Columba was preaching there was a disturbance in the waters and the monster appeared. By some accounts one man was slain only to be returned to life by the divine powers of the saint. By other accounts the monster attacked a member of the congregation, at which point the saint made the sign of the cross and invoked the power of God to drive the beast away.

In 1933 an article in ‘The Scotsman’ newspaper cited a story from 1520 AD which mentioned the beast. It was the appearance of the article which seems to have stimulated interest in the loch and its wildlife. At the same time the construction of a new road on the northern shore opened up views of the loch which had never before been easily afforded. In any case, in the years that followed there was a spate of sightings. It was from this time that our modern image of the monster, pieced together from various eye witness accounts, began to emerge: a water dwelling dinosaur, probably some kind of plesiosaur. The story was published internationally, newspapers reported the monster as fact and journalists and photographers arrived from all over the world. Even the British Prime minister planned a monster spotting trip to the loch.

Sightings of the Loch Ness Monster have continued to this day. While several high profile sightings have been proved to have been falsified, many more remain unexplained. And while rigorous investigations of the waters have failed to uncover the monster, they have not yet proved conclusively that the monster doesn’t exist either! Regardless, interest in the phenomena shows no signs of abating; indeed the recent discovery of fossilised plesiosaur bones by the loch side has stimulated fresh interest.

To the cynic it must seem absurd that a place of such obvious natural beauty has been popularised by such a dubious claim to fame. They might point out that Loch Ness has so much to offer without Nessie. To some extent, of course, they are right. The Loch itself abounds with life, as do the mountains which surround it. The Great Glen is a flight path for migrating sea birds; buzzards, eagles and osprey can be seen soaring overhead while siskins and fieldfares can be spotted by the shore. The surrounding countryside is the domain of wildcats, foxes and red deer. Not only are there the attractions of nature: the loch is watched over by a number of ancient forts and castles, the most famous of which is Urquhart Castle, whose spectacular ruins sit on a rocky promontory which juts out into the loch. All the same, it is doubtful that even the hardest hearted cynic, on noticing a sudden disturbance in the waters, wouldn’t wonder… about what could possibly be out there.

Hometask

1. We went out even thought the weather was bad.

2. She was found guilty of fraud. Because of this, she resigned from the government.

3. He can dance salsa as well as the cha-cha-cha.

4. She spoke Japanese as well as Korean.

5. She’s an expert on butterflies. What’s more, she knows a lot about ants.

6. On the contrary, he considers bullfighting a barbaric remnant of the Roman circus.

7. Despite being born in Madrid, she feels English rather than Spanish.

8. Altough it’s not the best option, it is definitely the cheapest.

9. At first, everyone was confused by all the changes.

10. Not only are drinks cheaper in Granada than in Valencia but also the bar snacks are free.

11. It was a secret, altough in the end the truth came out.

12. You can camp here as long as you have permission from the local council.

13. She left the party early, even though she was enjoying herself immensely.

14. The railway splits the town in two, not only physically but also socially.

15. They sell organic vegetables as well as cereals.

16. She arrived early so that she had time for a chamomile tea.

17. As far as she was concerned, the special offer was a con.

18. They were asked if they liked the new restaurant.

19. If you went to Paris, you might acquire an interest in impressionist art.

20. Genetically modified crops are extremely dangerous because they threaten the biodiversity of the planet.

21. The mistake would have been unimportant if the boss hadn’t noticed.

22. If you paid more attention, you’d notice so much more.

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Friends

photo-1529333166437-7750a6dd5a70.jpg

Մի անգամ անապատում երկու ընկեր վիճում են և մեկը մյուսին ապտակ է հասցնում: Վերջինս, ցավ զգալով, բայց ոչինչ չասելով, ավազի վրա գրում է. «Այսօր իմ ամենալավ ընկերն ինձ ապտակեց»:
Շարունակում են ճանապարհը, գտնում մի օազիս և որոշում լողալ: Նա, ով ապտակ էր հասցրել, փրկում է ընկերոջը խեղդվելուց: Երբ փրկված ընկերն ուշքի է գալիս, գրում է քարի վրա. «Այսօր իմ ամենալավ ընկերը փրկեց իմ կյանքը»:
Նա, ով ապտակ էր հասցրել և փրկել էր ընկերոջ կյանքը, հարցնում է.
– Երբ քեզ ապտակեցի, դու ավազի վրա գրեցիր, իսկ հիմա քարի վրա: Ինչո՞ւ:
Ընկերը պատասխանում է.
– Երբ մեզ նեղացնում են, պետք է ավազի վրա գրենք, որ քամին քշի, տանի Իսկ երբ մեզ լավություն են անում, պետք է քարի վրա գրենք, որ ոչ մի քամի չկարողանա ջնջել:

Once in the desert, two friends argue and slapped each other. The latter, feeling pain, but not saying anything, writes on the sand “Today, my best friend slapped me.”. Continue the road, find an oasis and decide to ride. The one who slapped saves his friend from drowning. When a friend is rescued, he writes on the stone. “Today, my best friend saved my life.” The one who slapped and rescued his friend’s life asked.

-When I slapped you, you wrote on the sand and now on the stone. Why?

A friend answers.

-When we are offended, we have to write on the sand that the wind is driven. And when we are doing good, we have to write on the stone that no wind would be able to erase it.